Notice On Social Insurance For Foreigner in Vietnam

Social insurance for expatriate employees

Notice On Social Insurance For Foreigner in Vietnam

(Last Updated On: April 2, 2021)


This rule may lead to the double taxation of social insurance for non-Vietnamese employees.

In accordance with the Law on Social Insurance, which went into force early last year but will not cover foreign nationals working in Vietnam until early 2018, foreign workers in Vietnam with a work permit, or a practicing certificate or license will have to contribute insurance.


In practice, a certain number of foreign nationals who come to Vietnam for an assignment still maintain social security in their home countries or enter a voluntary healthcare program. For such cases, statutory social and health insurance will result in additional costs for employees and their employers.

The enforcement of social and health insurance for foreign nationals without signing Totalization agreements with any countries would lead to double taxation of income with respect to social security taxes. Totalization agreements are meant to protect the benefit rights of those working between two or more countries and do away with situations where workers pay social security taxes to two countries on the same income.

The Law on Social Insurance, which the National Assembly passed on November 20, 2014, broadens the definition of the salary used as the basis for social insurance contribution (*). Many FDI in Vietnam has expressed concerns about changes in legislation.

Wages and allowances are used as the basis for social insurance in the period from January 1, 2016, to December 31, 2017. However, from early next year onwards, the basis for social insurance contribution will be broadened to include salaries, allowances and other supplementary amounts, making the burden of labor cost heavier (*).

(*) In order to update, manage and optimize the labor cost, many FDI companies have been using outsourcing service for payrolls and other procedures related to expats from consultant firms. The consultant can support to verify situation – design solutions and optimal tools in a tailored manner…


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